Cloud Computing and Cloud Computing Architecture

Written by
Pragya Joshi

Trainer and Assessor at Milestones International College, Trainer and Assessor at Wattle College, Writer, Blogger and a Mother.

What is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing provide access through the web to computing resources and products. It is basically the delivery of the computing services that includes servers, storage, software, networking, databases, analytics, and intelligence, over the Internet – Labelled as “The Cloud”.

In simple words, cloud computing permits you to rent as an alternative to buy your IT. Instead of investing heavily in databases, software, and hardware. Enterprises opt to access their compute power via the internet, or the cloud, and pay for it as they utilize it.

Cloud computing offers speed, scalability, and flexibility that enables organizations to develop, innovate, and support its business IT solutions.
When a business chooses to “move to the cloud,” it means that its IT infrastructure is kept offsite, at a data centre that is looking after by the cloud computing provider. The cloud provider has the accountability for managing the client’s IT infrastructure, incorporating applications, and developing new resources and functionality to keep pace with market needs. Cloud computing offers for more agility, scale, and flexibility.

As a replacement for spending money and resources on remnant IT systems, businesses can focus on more strategic tasks. Without making a large direct investment, they can quickly access the computing resources they need and pay only for what they use. Cloud benefits its customers from inevitably having the latest inventions and emerging technologies built into their IT systems, as the cloud provider does the work of developing new resources and features.

Types of Cloud Computing

Based on deployment there are mainly 3 types of cloud computing

Public cloud
In a public cloud, the whole computing infrastructure is established on the grounds of the cloud provider, and the provider delivers services to the customer over the internet. Consumers do not have to maintain their own IT and can quickly add more users or computing power as required. In this model, multiple occupiers share the cloud provider’s IT infrastructure.

Private cloud
A private cloud is used solely by one organization. It could be held at the organization’s location or at the cloud provider’s data centre. A private cloud offers the highest level of security and control.

Hybrid cloud
As per its name, the hybrid cloud is a combination of both public and private clouds. Usually, the hybrid cloud consumers hold their business-critical/primary applications on their own servers for more security and control and store their secondary applications at the cloud provider’s location.

Cloud computing services

Cloud computing services are based on service model of cloud computing


IaaS permits consumers to access infrastructure services on an on-demand basis via the internet. The key advantage is that the cloud provider hosts the infrastructure components that offer compute, network and storage capacity so that endorsers can run their work applications/loads in the cloud. The cloud subscriber is usually responsible for installing, configuring, securing, and sustaining any software on the cloud native solutions, such as database and application software.


PaaS provides consumers the benefit of accessing the developer tools they need to build and manage mobile and web applications without investing in—or maintaining—the underlying infrastructure. The provider hosts the infrastructure and middleware components, and the client accesses those services via a web browser.

To advance efficiency, PaaS solutions require to have ready-to-use programming components that allow developers to develop new skills into their applications, including innovative technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), chatbots, IoT, blockchain etc.

The accurate PaaS offering should include solutions for analysts, end consumers, and professional IT administrators, including data analytics, content management, security, systems management, and database management.


SaaS is a software delivery model in which the cloud provider hosts the client’s applications at the cloud provider’s location. The consumer accesses those applications over the internet. Rather than paying for and maintaining their own computing infrastructure, SaaS customers take advantage of subscription to the service on a pay-as-you-go basis.

SaaS has been labelled to be the ideal solution by most businesses as it allows them to get up and running quickly with the most innovative technology available. Automated updates lessen the burden on in-house resources. Customers can scale services to support variable workloads, adding more services or attributes they develop.

What is Cloud Computing Architecture?

This is a simple headline

Cloud Computing Architecture is an area of research focused on the design of architectural solutions for cloud computing-based environments, which are intrinsically dispersed and service-based. Along with others, cloud-based solutions must consider connectivity, latency and bandwidth constraints, quality aspects such as availability and performance, and non-technicalnaspects such as pricing and SLAs (Service-Level Agreements).

The cloud-based networking architecture, as scattered computing is more evident in the present digitalized world, and one must be obvious about its design. In this way, cloud computing engineering accurately compares to various segments that build up the complete framework structure. The cloud networking elements link to platforms like Front-End, Back-End, and cloud-dependent delivery.

Front-end is more of cloud computing on the consumer’s side. This segment is about interfaces, applications and organization that allow availability for a cloud framework. But it does not mean allowing all the whole registering frameworks will function as a single interface.

On the other hand, back-end communicates to the assets used by dispersed computing workers. It primarily manages workers, security situations, virtualizing, information stockpiling and various others. Furthermore, back-end holds the obligation to decrease gridlock instruments and practices that set up a communication.

These are managed by a cloud networking architect who is responsible for designing and implementing cloud networking solutions.

Benefits of Cloud Computing

There are numerous benefits to moving your business to the cloud such as:

Challenges of Cloud Computing

Top Cloud Computing trends for 2022

For many years, Cloud was the talk of the town. Pandemic pushed almost every industry to adopt it and in 2021 the talk became the reality and cloud transformed the way businesses operate now.  Cloud is an on-going continuous learning or adopting new skills and emerging trends of 2022 appears:

Top Cloud Providers in 2022


Cloud Computing completely changed the way businesses used to work few years ago and it’s a revolving shift for IT. The future of cloud is bright and will bring some innovations, better way to build product and services and servicing consumers. A series of continuous learning, innovations and feedback with the right control approach could lead the key to mastering cloud solutions in 2022 and in coming years.


Cloud Computing: From Beginning to End – Book by Mr. Ray Rafaels (Author)

Written by
Pragya Joshi

Trainer and Assessor at Milestones International College, Trainer and Assessor at Wattle College, Writer, Blogger and a Mother.

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